The subject of the study of historical-comparative linguistics is the Indo-European language family. The aim of this discipline is to determine the relationship that exists between the languages ??belonging to this language strain and to gain insights into the differentiation processes that have led to the languages ??spoken today. Historical-comparative linguistics prefers to focus on the earliest tangible levels of individual languages ??and tries to capture their linguistic evidence as precisely as possible, to describe the phonetic systems and grammatical structures in detail, to collect vocabulary and to determine the meanings of words. Words and grammatical forms are also examined for their etymology.

main emphasis

In addition to extensive training in historical-comparative (Indo-European) linguistics, Marburg also offers a specialization in Anatolian studies (Hittitology) and typological-comparative linguistics.


Professional fields of activity for graduates of the master’s degree in "Historical-Comparative Linguistics" can be found in the areas of adult education, library and publishing (print and audiovisual media), cultural mediation and management, language teaching and public relations.

Further key competencies on an organizational, communicative and intellectual level (competence to independently develop new areas of knowledge; independent organization of own projects; competence in scientific argumentation; analytical and cognitive competence) and foreign language skills expand the professional field in specific branches of commercial enterprises.



Completion of a relevant bachelor's degree in the field of linguistics, literature or cultural studies with a high proportion of modules in historical-comparative linguistics (at least 60 CP) or proof of a comparable domestic or foreign professional university degree.

If proof of the first degree is not yet available, a transcript of records with a calculated average grade based on at least 80% of the credit points required for the bachelor's degree can be submitted.

Knowledge of Latin to  the extent of the Latinum is required. 


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