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On the one hand, physics is about exploring and understanding the principles and laws to which nature obeys from the largest to the smallest dimensions. On the other hand, extremely complex systems that can result from the interaction of the simple basic principles are examined. The description and calculation of physical relationships is done with the help of mathematical methods.
Therefore, at the beginning of the bachelor's degree, the focus is not only on experimental physics, laboratory internships and theoretical physics, but also on mathematics. During your studies you will learn basic methods and ways of thinking in physics. They deal with the most important basics of classical mechanics, electricity theory, magnetism, electrodynamics as well as ray and wave optics, quantum mechanics, the structure of matter, thermodynamics, atomic, nuclear and elementary particle physics.
Further focal points are the mastery of basic methods of experimental work as well as the acquisition of theoretical and practical knowledge in electronics and computer-aided process control, data acquisition, processing and analysis.
In the fifth semester you choose one of the specialties:

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • astrophysics
  • Nonlinear Dynamics
  • Photonics and quantum optics including elementary particle theory
  • Climate physics

Finally, a bachelor thesis is written, which is supervised by a professorship in the Institute for Physics and Astronomy or at one of the cooperating research institutes


The bachelor's degree in physics is designed as a single-subject bachelor's degree. The bachelor's degree has a modular structure. Within the modules, the course content is thematically summarized in different study and teaching forms. A fixed number of credit points as well as certain study and examination achievements must be achieved in each module.
The course has a total of 180 credit points and includes the content shown in the overview below. At the end of their studies, students choose a specialty. The bachelor thesis is written in a research area that is represented by a professorship in the Institute for Physics and Astronomy or at one of the cooperating research institutes.



Credit points

Compulsory modules 129 LP
Experimental physics including laboratory exercises 57 LP
Theoretical physics 36 LP
mathematics 36 LP
Elective modules 21 LP
Supplementary subject 6 LP
Profiling field 15 LP
Occupational field-specific key competencies 18 LP
Methods of Physics 9 LP
Specialization 9 LP
bachelor thesis 12 LP
total 180 LP


If you want to study physics, you should definitely enjoy understanding nature and logical-abstract thinking.
The course requires a high level of willingness to work, but also communication and teamwork skills in order to deal with complex issues together. These characteristics are further developed in the bachelor's degree and are also in demand in the later working world.
For a successful physics degree at the University of Potsdam, advanced courses in physics or mathematics attended at school are helpful, but not necessary. You can brush up on your good mathematics skills by taking part in a “Mathematics” bridging course before the start of the first semester. Here, ideally, you will learn in teams and work on exercises together.


In the bachelor's degree in physics, you acquire all the mathematical, physical-analytical and practical skills that are necessary for starting a professional activity or a master’s degree in physics. The focus is on the recognition of physical principles with which phenomena, processes or states are determined. The graduates have a broad basic knowledge of physics and are proficient in the fundamental methods and ways of thinking in physics. They are able to create physical models, analyze them conceptually and, if necessary, check them experimentally.

Our modern civilization is based on science and technology. Accordingly, physicists are needed in various areas of society - in scientific research at universities and research institutes; in the research and development departments of companies, especially in the field of high technology and information technology; in communicating science in the media and the public. Due to the skills in analytical thinking and computer-aided problem solving that they acquired during their studies, physics graduates often work in areas that appear to be unrelated to their subject, such as banking or management, administration and politics.

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