The main principles of pharmacy are knowledge from chemistry, biology, mathematics, physics and medicine. Based on this, procedures are developed, researched, applied and taught according to which drugs are found, developed, manufactured, tested and stored. In addition, in accordance with the legal mandate, pharmacy is concerned with the safe and proper supply of the population with pharmaceuticals, in particular with the controlled dispensing of pharmaceuticals to doctors and patients, the collection, evaluation and communication of information about pharmaceuticals as well as advice on health care and health education.
Pharmacy is divided into Pharmaceutical Biology, Pharmaceutical / Medicinal Chemistry, Biopharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Technology.
Pharmaceutical biology is primarily concerned with biogenic drugs, but also with their fundamentals from biology, microbiology, biochemistry and botany as well as with the special biological knowledge that is important for pharmacy. In contrast, pharmaceutical / medicinal chemistry thematizes the chemical properties, synthesis, extraction, analysis, stability and bioreactivity (molecular mechanisms of action) of the substances used in pharmaceuticals (active ingredients and auxiliary substances). The field of biopharmaceuticals deals with the relationships between the physico-chemical properties of drugs as well as their dosage forms and biological effects.
Clinical pharmacy builds on knowledge of the pharmaceutical and natural sciences and optimizes drug therapy for humans. In pharmacology, the interaction between drugs and organisms is studied. As a branch of pharmacy, pharmaceutical technology deals with processes for the production of drugs that have the best possible preparation (e.g. optimal tolerance) for use in humans.
The pharmacy course is divided into a basic and main course (2 years each).
After the students have successfully passed all courses of the basic course (1st to 4th semester) and the clinical internship, they complete the 1st section of the pharmaceutical examination. At the end of the main course (5th to 8th semester), the 2nd section of the pharmaceutical examination is taken. This is followed by a practical training of 12 months, followed by the third section of the pharmaceutical examination, whereby after successful completion, the license to practice as a pharmacist can be applied for.
The clinical traineeship has to be completed before the registration for the 1st section of the pharmaceutical examination. At least four of the eight prescribed weeks must be spent in a public pharmacy. The rest of the time can optionally be spent in a hospital or military pharmacy, in the pharmaceutical industry or in a drug testing center or a comparable facility.
The practical twelve-month training takes place after passing the second section of the pharmaceutical examination. At least six months of this must be spent in a public pharmacy and the rest of the time in a hospital or military pharmacy, the pharmaceutical industry, a university institute or another suitable scientific institution, a drug testing center or a comparable facility.
The structure and course of the course are regulated by the study regulations based on the license to practice medicine for pharmacists (AAppO) in the version dated December 6, 2011. The study regulations contain detailed descriptions of the content and qualification goals of each individual course and an exemplary study schedule. The AAppO defines the type and requirements of the examinations. In the study regulations, the weekly semester hours (SWS) for the individual courses and the entire course are specified.
Undergraduate studies1st semester
Main course5th semester
After completing their studies in pharmacy, graduates of the pharmacy degree need to be granted a license to practice as a pharmacist in order to be able to work independently as a pharmacist.
Different areas come into question, in particular in the pharmacy, in the hospital, in industry, in state investigation offices, in the armed forces, in administration, at universities, technical colleges or technical colleges as well as in environmental protection.
Possible fields of activity are advisory activities (including provision of information) on pharmaceuticals, but also advice on health promotion, the development, manufacture, quality assurance, testing, dispensing and risk assessment of pharmaceuticals as well as the search for new active ingredients and dosage forms.
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