Physics is a natural science that deals with the connections between causes and effects in nature. It researches natural phenomena observed directly or in the course of experiments through precise measurements and analyzes these with the aim of tracing natural occurrences back to numerical relationships (experimental physics) and to mathematically formulated laws (theoretical physics). Experimental physics and theoretical physics are the main areas in physics. In experimental physics one tries to make statements about physical processes through scientific experiments that are carried out under certain conditions. Theoretical physics describes the laws of physics using mathematical theories. Both disciplines are in a lively exchange of their findings. Theoretical descriptions are developed from experimental findings, and theoretical predictions are verified through experiments. Mathematics, which is of great importance for the work of physicists, should be mentioned as a basic auxiliary science for physics.

The physics course at the Free University of Berlin is science-oriented and provides the experimental and theoretical basics as well as a broad general education in physics. Experimental and theoretical approaches to physical problems are taught, and students are introduced to modern methods and questions in physical research. Our basic research focuses on biophysics, ultrafast physics, quantum physics, surface and nanophysics.

Flyer: Physics - Bachelor of Science

Program Structure

The mono bachelor's degree includes compulsory modules (108 CP), elective modules (30 CP), general vocational preparation (30 CP) and the bachelor's thesis (12 CP). In the elective area, in addition to physics, course modules from up to two other subject areas can be freely chosen.

The compulsory lectures include complementary courses in mathematics, experimental and theoretical physics and introduce topics of modern physics such as quantum mechanics, molecular physics and solid state physics. At the end of the course, the Bachelor thesis is an exemplary deepening and differentiation of a selected field of study through the independent scientific development of a self-selected problem.

The general vocational preparation study area comprises an internship as well as practical professional competence areas such as foreign languages, information and media competence, management, gender and diversity competence and additional specialist qualifications.

The structure and course of the course are regulated by the course regulations. It contains detailed descriptions of the content and qualification goals of each individual module and an exemplary course plan. The examination regulations define the type and requirements of the module examinations. In the regulations, the credit points (CP) for each module or event as well as the workload in hours for the entire course are specified.

Physics, mono Bachelor

Compulsory area
module Introduction to Physics
module Electrodynamics and optics
module Basics of measurement and laboratory technology
module Structure of matter
module Analytical mechanics
module Quantum mechanics
module Theoretical electrodynamics
module Linear Algebra
module Analysis
Elective area
module biophysics
module Astronomy and astrophysics
module Nuclear and elementary particle physics
module Computational physics
Modules In the elective area, students choose from the above modules as well as other modules offered by the Department of Physics and other departments at Freie Universität Berlin. These are modules from the core areas of the bachelor's degree courses in business administration, biochemistry, bioinformatics, biology, chemistry, geological sciences, computer science, mathematics, meteorology, philosophy, and economics at the Free University of Berlin.

Career Prospects

Bachelor graduates have scientific knowledge and practical skills that qualify them for a job or a postgraduate course. 

Employment opportunities for physicists can be found primarily in industry (technological area), e.g. in energy technology or mechanical engineering, but also in the service sector for scientific and technical applications. There are other job opportunities in the public service, especially in science and research at universities, research institutes and authorities, in information processing or in patents. Physics graduates can also work in freelance professions, e.g. as experts. Even if graduates can work in different areas of work, they are generally preferred for areas of activity that generally have technology as their subject, such as communications engineering.

A master’s degree and, if applicable, a doctorate are prerequisites for management positions or employment in research and teaching.

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