The bachelor's degree in Classical Studies offers a broad basic education in the five disciplines of Egyptology, Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Classical Archeology, Prehistoric Archeology and Near Eastern Archeology. Linking the courses offered in the participating subjects in the integrative area of ??the Bachelor's degree promotes interdisciplinarity, which is important in research and teaching as well as in professional practice outside the university.

The subjects of ancient oriental studies are the languages, history and culture of the ancient Near East (area of ??the present day Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan) from the beginning of the 4th millennium BC to the time of Hellenism. The common elements of the different cultures are the sources recorded in cuneiform in the central languages ??Akkadian (Assyrian-Babylonian), Hittite and Sumerian. The cuneiform script represented the most important writing system in the Near East during this historical period. The ancient oriental philology accordingly imparts knowledge of the languages ??and scripts of the advanced cultures of the pre-Christian Orient. One of the goals of training at Freie Universität is to enable students to to understand texts in at least two ancient oriental languages ??and to be able to interpret them with regard to scientific problems. The Akkadian is mandatory; Sumerian, Hittite or, depending on the offer, another ancient oriental language (ancient Persian, Elamite, Hurrian, Luwian, Ugaritic or Urartian) can be selected as the second language.

Program Structure

The course comprises the integrative area, which is independent of the selected profile area, the profile area, related areas and the general vocational preparation study area. At the end of the course, the exemplary deepening and differentiation of a selected field of study takes place through the independent scientific development of a self-selected problem (Bachelor thesis).

Modules in the related areas expand the specialist spectrum. In addition to the modules of the chosen profile area, the modules of the affine areas should provide the students with an expanded but self-contained qualification profile. The modules of the related areas and the services provided in them must not correspond to the modules and services of the integrative area and the studied profile area. The modules that can be selected must be coordinated with the specialist representatives or the examination offices.

The general vocational preparation study area (ABV) includes an internship as well as the following areas of competence: foreign languages, information and media competence, gender & diversity competence, organizational and management competence, personal and socio-communicative competence and subject-related additional qualifications in which additional practical professional knowledge and skills are imparted will. The objectives, content and structure of the general vocational preparation study area are regulated in separate ABV study and examination regulations.

The course regulations regulate the structure and process of the course. It contains detailed descriptions of the content and qualification goals of each individual module and an exemplary course plan. The examination regulations define the type and requirements of the module examinations. In the regulations, the credit points (CP) for each module or event as well as the workload in hours for the entire course are specified.

Classical Studies: Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Mono-Bachelor

Integrative area
module Fundamentals of Classical Studies I
module Fundamentals of Classical Studies II
module Integrative topic module
module Integrative elective module from an unoccupied profile area
Profile area ancient oriental studies
Introductory module Introduction to ancient oriental studies
Basic module 1. Language: Introduction to Akkadian
Basic module 2. Language: Introduction to Hittite, Sumerian or an alternative ancient oriental language
Extension module Reading Akkadian A - Historical Texts
Extension module Reading Akkadian B - laws, economic and administrative texts
Extension module Reading Akkadian C - literary texts
Extension module Reading Akkadian D - texts of the cultic and learned tradition
Advanced module 2nd language (of which the three building on the selected basic module)

Reading Hittite A - historical, legal and administrative texts
Reading Hittite B - rituals and prayers
Reading Hittite C - mythological and epic texts


Reading Sumerian A - letters and documents
Reading Sumerian B - laws, legal and court documents
Reading Sumerian C - literary texts


Reading module A alternative ancient oriental language
Reading module B alternative ancient oriental language
Reading module C alternative ancient oriental language

Elective module Areas of expertise in Near Eastern Archeology

Entry Requirement

Additional entry requirements
English (level B1 GER)

Career Prospects

Bachelor graduates have scientific knowledge and practical skills that qualify them for a job or a postgraduate course. 

Classical scholars mainly work in research and teaching at universities. Depending on the area of ??application, they carry out testing, evaluating and creative activities on the basis of archaeological and cultural-historical content.
In addition, there are career prospects in areas such as monument preservation, museums and research institutions (in some cases only with a master’s degree and / or doctorate) and in unspecific professional fields such as adult education, journalism, tourism, culture and science management or publishing.

Since not all graduates find a place on the narrower specialist job market, the acquisition of additional qualifications, as they are already imparted in the General Vocational Preparation (ABV) study area, as well as early orientation with regard to broader employment opportunities and the personal application strategy of of great importance for a successful career start.

A master’s degree and, if applicable, a doctorate are prerequisites for management positions or employment in research and teaching.

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